Wednesday, 20 July 2011

Britain's Reserve Forces

The Independent report >> Future Reserves_2020

Britain relies heavily on the contribution made by Reserves to our Armed Forces. They continue to provide a strategic reserve for UK Defence but have also increasingly demonstrated their utility on operations; indeed, they have played a vital part in our ability to mount and sustain operations, in particular over the last five years.

Types of Reservist

Members of the Reserve Forces fall into two main categories: the regular reserve forces and the volunteer reserve forces. The former is comprised of people who have a liability by virtue of their former service in the regular forces. The second consists mainly of people who have joined the volunteer reserves directly from the civilian community - the Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Marines Reserve, Territorial Army, and Royal Auxiliary Air Force.

The Reserve Forces Act 1996 provides for other categories, such as:
  • Full Time Reserve Service (FTRS) - reservists who wish to serve full time with regulars for a predetermined period in a specific posting
  • Additional Duties Commitment - part-time service for a specified period in a particular post
  • Sponsored Reserves - These are personnel employed by a contractor to provide a service to the MOD

Royal Naval Reserve (RNR)

The RNR is based on 13 Reserve Training Centres and a number of smaller satellite units throughout the UK. The RNR provides a corps of personnel who train in their spare time to enable the Royal Navy to meet its operational commitments in peace, crisis, tension and war.

Each year, most members of the RNR aim to spend a minimum of 24 days training in their own units as well as in Royal Navy ships and establishments worldwide. Some volunteers do even more, taking up opportunities to work closely alongside their Regular counterparts, including attachments to ships involved in exercises and operations around the world.

In support of today's operations, predominantly in Iraq and Afghanistan, there are usually around 100 RNR personnel continually mobilised to work with the Regulars. In addition, there are normally around another 100 RNR personnel employed on short-term contracts filling Regular Service posts in both the UK and abroad.

Full Time Reserve Service (FTRS)

If you served full-time in the Royal Navy, there could be opportunities for you to work for the Royal Navy on a Full Time Reserve Service (
FTRS contract.
There are three types of FTRS Contract:

• Full Commitment
• Limited Commitment
• Home Commitment

You will effectively be re-joining the Royal Navy, so you will still be expected to meet the entry criteria for medical, eye test, fitness and Security Clearance.

To find out more, contact the desk officer at NPT(Res):

Tel: 012392 628748

• You do not need to join the Royal Naval Reserve to obtain an FTRS contract

• Under HMRC tax rules you will be required to take a 30-day break after leaving the Regular service before being permitted to start an FTRS contract. (This rule does not apply if someone is transferring from the RN to the RNR after their terminal date)

• An FTRS applicant is not guaranteed a contract on the same rank/rate as was held in the Regular service

• Certain conditions could apply to your FTRS contract if you left Regular Service with an Early Departure Payment

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